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How to relieve the pain of low back pain - 02/01/2020

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Back pain is one of the most commonly treated complaints in physiotherapy. Especially the lower back is one of the most affected areas and one of those with the highest risk of relapse (85% of people who have or have had low back pain suffer from it again, according to the Professional Association of Physiotherapists of the Community of Madrid).
 
What is low back pain?
 
Low back pain is pain located in the lower back, where the lumbar vertebrae are located. Normally, the origin is related to muscular overexertion, sudden or abrupt movements or trauma in the area. Age-related diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis can also cause back pain.
 
Symptoms of low back pain
 
Symptoms may vary from case to case. Here are some of the most common ones:
  • Difficulty of movement (standing or walking).
  • Constant, throbbing pain in the lower back.
  • Palpation in the affected area.
  • Loss of flexibility in the back.
  • Muscle spasms in that part of the body.
  • Pressing on the muscle tissue makes the pain worse.

Possible treatments for low back pain

Capacitive diathermy is one of the most powerful and effective techniques in the treatment of low back pain. It produces rapid relief of pain and inflammation.
 
Manual therapy: is a technique that must be applied by a professional and relieves the sensation of pressure and pain in the affected area.               
 
Therapeutic exercise: strengthens the affected area, corrects posture and prevents possible relapses.
 
Tips to prevent low back pain
  1. Maintain a healthy body weight.
  2. Exercise moderately or intensely, at least three times a week.
  3. Take care of your postural habits.
  4. Wear appropriate footwear.
  5. Avoid stress.
  6. Quit smoking.
  7. Watch out for sudden stretching, posture when bending over or lifting heavy objects.